The Mumbai Metro is a metro system under construction in the Indian city of Mumbai. The system is designed to reduce traffic congestion in the city, and will be built in three phases over a 15-year period, with overall completion expected in 2021. When complete, the core system will comprise three high-capacity metro railway lines, spanning a total of 63 kilometres (39 mi). Line 1 of the Mumbai Metro is operated by Mumbai Metro One Pvt Ltd (MMOPL), a joint venture company formed by Reliance Infrastructure,Veolia Transport and the Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA).
In June 2006, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh inaugurated the first phase of the Mumbai Metro project. Construction work began in February 2008. A successful trial run was conducted in May 2013, and the system’s first line is expected to enter operation in May 2014, although some aspects of the project have been afflicted by delays and cost issues.
The Mumbai Metro is India’s first public private partnership metro project in which all the three phases (construction, operation and maintenance) were given to a private player.
The following table shows the updated Mumbai Metro Master Plan unveiled by the MMRDA.
On 18 February 2013, the MMRDA signed a memorandum of understanding with Transport for London, the transit authority in Greater London. The arrangement will facilitate the exchange of information, personnel and technology in the transportation sector. On 30 August 2013, Prithviraj Chavan announced that contracts for future lines of the Mumbai Metro would not be given out on a build-operate-transfer basis, following delays to Line 1